Chapter published in:Antipassive: Typology, diachrony, and related constructions
Edited by Katarzyna Janic and Alena Witzlack-Makarevich
[Typological Studies in Language 130] 2021
► pp. 579–620
When an antipassive isn’t an antipassive anymore
The Actor Voice construction in Kelabit
This paper presents the Actor Voice (av) construction in Kelabit, a Western Austronesian language spoken in Northern Sarawak, Malaysia. It compares Kelabit av with prototypical antipassives and related constructions in the more conservative Western Austronesian languages, using case studies of West Greenlandic and Tagalog. On the basis of morphosyntactic, semantic and discourse diagnostics, the paper demonstrates that Tagalog av constructions have the semantic and discourse characteristics of antipassives but are syntactically transitive. In contrast, Kelabit av, which is also syntactically transitive, has a mixture of semantic and discourse properties: some antipassive-like but many active-like. This has important implications for Western Austronesian and the theory of alignment shift, as well as the ways in which antipassives vary and change over time.
Keywords: Antipassive, Alignment Shift, Austronesian, West Greenlandic, Tagalog, Kelabit
Published online: 23 March 2021
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Cited by 1 other publications
Janic, Katarzyna & Alena Witzlack-Makarevich
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