Chapter published in:Antipassive: Typology, diachrony, and related constructions
Edited by Katarzyna Janic and Alena Witzlack-Makarevich
[Typological Studies in Language 130] 2021
► pp. 515–548
Antipassives in Nakh-Daghestanian languages
Exploring the margins of a construction
Several Nakh-Daghestanian languages present constructions that are candidate antipassives, in that the construction is intransitive and is (at least sometimes) related to a corresponding transitive construction, with A of the transitive construction appearing as S of the intransitive, and P of the transitive either corresponding to an oblique in the intransitive or being omitted. All Nakh-Daghestanian antipassives are lexically restricted, and their function is typically to shift aspectual value in the direction of durativity, atelicity, iterativity, etc. However, only Dargwa restricts the construction to transitive verbs, while other languages also allow it with intransitive verbs, in which case there is no change in argument structure. We explore the implications of this for the definition of “antipassive” from the perspective of canonical typology.
Keywords: antipassive, Nakh-Daghestanian languages, transitivity, aktionsart, canonical typology
Published online: 23 March 2021
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Cited by 5 other publications
Janic, Katarzyna & Alena Witzlack-Makarevich
Vidal, Alejandra & Doris L. Payne
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