Chapter published in:Antipassive: Typology, diachrony, and related constructions
Edited by Katarzyna Janic and Alena Witzlack-Makarevich
[Typological Studies in Language 130] 2021
► pp. 349–381
Polyfunctional vanka- in Nivaĉle and the antipassive category
Nivaĉle (Mataguayan) is a non-ergative language of Argentina and Paraguay. It has a voice/valency mechanism that resembles an antipassive. Stell (1989: 310) refers to vanka- as an intransitive marker. Fabre (2015, 2016) glosses vanka- as ‘antipassive’ but does not provide an in-depth analysis. We examine vanka- as an antipassive marker, but also its connection to other functional domains and its use with certain intransitive stems. On intransitive stems, its semantic effects range from strongly agentive to middle meaning. It implies that there is an extra but unexpressible ‘non-specific participant’ in the context. The extra participant implication suggests that vanka- may originate in a third-person marker va- plus a ‘cislocative’ or ‘middle’ n-, plus a ka- which may correspond to an ‘indirect possessive’ formative.
Keywords: middle, impersonal, non-ergative, split-S, Mataguayan
Published online: 23 March 2021
Arkadiev, Peter & Letuchiy, Alexander
Campbell, Lyle & Grondona, Verónica
Comrie, Bernard, Forker, Diana, Khalilova, Zaira & van den Berg, Helma
DGEEC (Dirección General de Estadística Encuestas y Censos)
2012 Censo Nacional de Población y Viviendas para Pueblos Indígenas. Censo 2012. Gobierno de la Republica de Paraguay. http://www.dgeec.gov.py/ (9 August 2020).
2017 Morphosyntax of the Nivacle verb and some comparisons with other languages of the Gran Chaco region and elsewhere. https://zenodo.org/record/826044#.W05rSbhlDIU (9 August 2020).
2016b Patterns of (de)glottalization in Nivaĉle. In Proceedings of the 33rd West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics, Kyeong-min Kim, Pocholo Umbal, Trevor Block, Queenie Chan, Tanie Cheng, Kelli Finney, Mara Katz, Sophie Nickel-Thompson & Lisa Shorten (eds), 176–185. Sommerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
Hopper, Paul & Thompson, Sandra A.
INDEC (Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos)
2004–2005 Encuesta Complementaria de Pueblos Indígenas. Argentina. http://www.indec.gov.ar/micro_sitios/webcenso/ECPI/index_ecpi.asp (9 August 2020)
Janic, Katarzyna & Witzlack-Makarevich, Alena
Payne, Doris L., Otero, Manuel A. & Vidal, Alejandra
2016 Deictic determiners and “nominalization” in Nivaĉle: What does nominalization look like if a language has no nouns? Paper presented at the Syntax of the World’s Languages 7, Workshop on Nominalization, Mexico City, 20 August.
Payne, Doris L., Vidal, Alejandra & Otero, Manuel A.
Stell, Nelida Noemi
Cited by 1 other publications
Janic, Katarzyna & Alena Witzlack-Makarevich
This list is based on CrossRef data as of 27 april 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.