Patient-Subject Constructions in Mandarin Chinese

Syntax, semantics, discourse

| Nanyang Technological University Singapore
HardboundAvailable
ISBN 9789027203403 | EUR 99.00 | USD 149.00
 
e-Book
ISBN 9789027262349 | EUR 99.00 | USD 149.00
 
As a distinctive syntactic structure in Mandarin Chinese, the Patient-Subject Construction (PSC) is one of the most interesting but least well-understood structures in the language. This book offers a comprehensive account of the history, structure, meaning and use of the PSC. Unlike previous descriptions which were framed in terms of pre-existing grammatical notions such as ‘topicalization’, ‘passivization’ and ‘ergativization’, this book offers a fresh look at the PSC, in which its syntactic and semantic as well as its discourse functions are examined within the system of major construction-types of the language as a whole. The PSC, being low in transitivity, serves primarily the function of backgrounding in discourse. Typologically, the PSC bears a resemblance to middle constructions in Indo-European and other languages, raising interesting questions about ways to understand congruent and divergent syntactic structures across the world’s languages. This book will be of interest to students of Chinese Linguistics as well as Language Typology.
[Studies in Chinese Language and Discourse, 12]  2019.  xi, 204 pp.
Publishing status: Available
Table of Contents
Abbreviations
ix–x
Chapter 1. Introduction
1–9
Major chronological divisions of Chinese history
xi
Chapter 2. Previous studies of the patient-subject construction
11–32
Chapter 3. What the PSC is not
33–58
Chapter 4. Syntactic and semantic properties of patient-subject constructions
59–86
Chapter 5. ‘Inactiveness’ and ‘backgrounding’: PSC in discourse
87–108
Chapter 6. PSC in typological perspective
109–125
Chapter 7. Summary and conclusion
127–134
References
135–143
Appendix I. Verbs
145–147
Appendix II. Other sources
149–172
Appendix III. Dictionary
173–201
Index
203
“He’s style is lucid and highly accessible. She illustrates every point with ample examples. [...] This book will be of special interest to students of Chinese Linguistics as well as of Language Typology, as it is based on the author’s important theoretical discoveries and methodological innovations. Students and researchers of Chinese syntax and of language phenomena from a construction grammar approach are guaranteed an enlightening, and not least pleasant, reading experience.”
“On l’aura compris, cet ouvrage est une importante monographie sur les ‘constructions à sujet-patient’ et le seul à ce jour écrit dans une langue autre que le chinois, ce qui permettra à tout lecteur non sinophone de comprendre les différentes fonctions syntaxiques et sémantiques de ces CSP dont l’auteure a bien montré qu’elles doivent être considérées comme des constructions indépendantes, au même titre, entre autres, que les phrases passives, topicalisées ou autres formes à marqueur différentiel de l’objet.”
References

References

Abraham, W.
(1993) The syntax and semantics of middle constructions. Language, 69, 816–825. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1995) Diathesis: The middle, particularly in West-Germanic. In W. Abraham, T. Givon & S. A. Thompson (Eds.), Discourse grammar and typology (pp. 3–48). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Anderson, H.
(1989) Markedness theory: The first 150 years. In O. M. Tomic (Ed.), Markedness in synchrony and diachrony (pp. 11–46). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Andersen, P. K.
(1992) Remarks on the origin of the term ‘passive’. Lingua, 79, 1–16. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1992) Remarks on passive morphology. In Bela Brogyanyi (Ed.), Prehistory, history, and historiography of language, speech, and linguistic theory (pp. 207–239). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Baker, M.
(1988) Incorporation – A theory of grammatical function changing. University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Burzio, L.
(1986) Italian syntax: A government and binding approach. Dordrecht, Holland: D. Reidel publishing Company. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Chao, Y. R.
(1968) A grammar of spoken Chinese. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Comrie, B.
(1977) In defense of spontaneous demotion: The impersonal passive. In Peter Cole & Jerrold M. Sadock (Eds.), Grammatical relations (Syntax & Semantics 7, pp. 47–58). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
(1988) Passive and voice. In M. Shibatani (Ed.), Passive and voice (pp. 9–24). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Croft, W.
(1991) Syntactic categories and grammatical relations. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
(1994) Voice: beyond control and affectedness. In B. A. Fox & P. J. Hopper (Eds.), Voice: Form and function (pp. 89–118). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Davidse, K., & Liesbet, H.
(2007) On the middle voice: an interpersonal analysis of the English middle. Linguistics: An Interdisciplinary Journal of the Language Sciences, 45 (1), 37–82. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Davidse, K., & Olivier, N.
(2008) English middles with mental and verbal predicates: towards a typology. English Text Construction, 2, 169–197. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Dixon, R. M. W.
(1979) Ergativity. Language, 55, 59–138. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1994) Ergativity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Djamouri, R.
(1996) Markers of predication in Shang bone inscriptions. In H. Chappell (Ed.), Sinitic grammar: Synchronic and diachronic perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Dowty, D. R.
(1991) The thematic proto-roles and argument selection. Language, 67(3): 547–619. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Espunya, A.
(1996) The realisation of the semantic operator progressive in English and romance languages. Language Sciences, 18(1–2): 295–303. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Fagan, S.
(1988) The English middle. Linguistic Inquiry, 19 (2), 181–203.Google Scholar
(2009) The syntax and semantics of middle constructions (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Faltz, L. M.
(1977) Reflexivization: A study in universal syntax (Ph.D. dissertation). University of California, Berkeley.
Fellbaum, C.
(1986) On the middle construction in English. Bloomington: Indiana University Linguistics Club.Google Scholar
Fellbaum, C., & Zribi-Hertz, A.
(1989) The middle construction in French and English: A comparative study of its syntax and semantics. Bloomington: Indiana University Linguistics Club.Google Scholar
Geniusiene, E.
(1987).The typology of reflexives. Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Givon, T.
(1981) Typology and functional domains. Studies of Language, 5 (1), 163–169. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Goldberg, A. E.
(1995) Constructions: A construction grammar approach to argument structure. Chicago/London: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
(2003) Constructions: A new theoretical approach to language. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 7 (5), 219–224. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Greenberg, J. H.
(1966) Some universals of grammar with particular reference to the order of meaningful elements. In J. H. Greenberg (Eds.), Universals of language. MIT Press.Google Scholar
Haiman, J.
(1985) Iconicity in syntax. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Haspelmath, M.
(1987) Transitivity alternations of the anticausative type. University of Cologne Press.Google Scholar
(1990) The grammaticiation of passive morphology. Studies in Language, 14 (1), 25–72. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1993) Passive participles across languages. In B. Fox & P. J. Hopper (Eds.), Voice: Form and function (pp. 151–178). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Hopper, P. J., & Thompson, S. A.
(1980) Transitivity in grammar and discourse. Language, 56 (2), 251–299. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Kazenin, K. I.
(2001) Verbal reflexive and the middle voice. In M. Haspelmath, E. König, W. Oesterreicher, & W. Raible (Eds.), Language typology and language universals: An international handbook. Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Keenan, E. L.
(1976) Remarkable subjects in Malagasy. In Charles Li & S. A. Thompson (Eds.), Subject and topic (pp. 303–333). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
(1984) Semantics correlates of the ergative/absolutive distinction. Linguistics, 22, 197–223. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1985) Passive in the world’s languages. In S. Timothy (Eds.), Language typology and syntactic description. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Kemmer, S.
(1992) Grammatical prototypes and competing motivations in a theory of linguistic change. In G. W. Davis & G. K. Iverson (Eds.), Explanation in historical linguistics. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1993) The Middle voice. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Klaiman, M. H.
(1988) Affectedness and control: A typology of voice systems. In M. Shibatani (Ed.), Passive and voice (pp. 25–84). Amsterdan: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1991) Grammatical voice. Cambridge: Cambridge University PressGoogle Scholar
(1993) The relationship of inverse voice and head-marking in Arizona Tewa and other Tanoan Languages. Studies in Language, 17, 343–370. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Langacker, R. W.
(1987) Nouns and verbs. Language, 63, 53–94. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1991) Concept, image, and symbol: The cognitive basis of grammar. Berlin/New York: Mouton.Google Scholar
LaPolla, R. J.
(1993) Arguments against “subject” and “direct object” as viable concepts in Chinese. The Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology. Academia Sinica, LXIII, 759–813.Google Scholar
Levin, B. & Rappaport, M. H.
(1995) Unaccusativity: At the syntax–lexical semantics interface. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
Li, Wendan
(2014) Clause structure and grounding in Chinese narrative discourse. Chinese Language and Discourse, 5 (2), 99–145. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(2018) Grounding in Chinese written narrative discourse. Leiden: Brill. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Lyons, J.
(1968) Introduction to theoretical linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Li, C., & Thompson, S. A.
(1976) Subject and topic: A new typology of language. In Charles Li & S. A. Thompson (Eds.), Subject and topic (pp. 457–489). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
(1981) Mandarin Chinese: A reference grammar. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.Google Scholar
(1993) On “middle voice” verbs in Mandarin. In B. Fox & P. J. Hopper (Eds.), Voice: Form and function (pp. 231–246). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Manney, L. J.
(2000) Middle voice in Morden Greek: Meaning and function of an inflectional category. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Perlmutter, D.
(1978) Impersonal passives and the unaccusative hypothesis. In J. Jaeger et al., (Eds.), Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society (pp. 157–189). University of California at Berkeley.CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Perlmutter, D. M., & Postal, M.
(1977) Toward a universal characterization of passivization. Proceedings of the 3rd Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, 394–417. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1983) Some proposed laws of basic clause structure. In David M. Perlmutter (Ed.), Studies in relational grammar (Vol. 1, pp. 81–128).Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago PressGoogle Scholar
Polanyi, B.
(1976) Why the whats are when: Mutually contextualizing realms of narrative. Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, 59–77.Google Scholar
Shi, D.
(1997) Issues on Chinese passive. Journal of Chinese Linguistics, 25 (1), 41–70.Google Scholar
(1998) The complex nature of V-C construction. In Yang Gu (Eds.), Studies in Chinese linguistics (pp. 23–52). Hong Kong: Linguistic Society of Hong Kong.Google Scholar
(2000) Topic and topic-comment constructions in Mandarin Chinese. Language, 76(2), 383–408. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Shibatani, M.
(1985) Passive and related constructions: A prototype analysis. Language, 61, 821–848. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1988) Voice in Philippine Language. In M. Shibatani (Ed.), Passive and voice. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
(1999) Voice. In K. Brown & J. Miller (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Grammatical categories. Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
Siewierska, A.
(1984) The passive: A comparative linguistic analysis. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
(1988) The passive in Slavic. In Shibatani M. (Eds.), Passive and voice. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Steinbach, M.
(2002) Middle voice: A comparative study in the syntax-semantics interface of German. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tang, S-W.
(2001) A complementation approach to Chinese passive and its consequence. Linguistics, 39 (2), 257–295. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Tao, H., & Thompson, S. A.
(1994) The discourse and grammar interface: Preferred clause structure in mandarin conversation. Journal of the Chinese Language Teachers Association, 29(3), 1–34.Google Scholar
Xiong, J.
(2018) Chinese middle constructions: Lexical middle formation. Singapore: Springer. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
Xu, L., & Langendoen, D. T.
(1985) Topic structure in Chinese. Language, 61 (1), 1–27. CrossrefGoogle Scholar
曹宏 Cao Hong
(2004) 论中动句的句法构造特点 (On the syntactic structure of Middle voice sentences). 《世界汉语教学》, 第2期.Google Scholar
(2004) 论中动句的层次结构和语法关系 (On the hierachical structure and grammatical relations of Middle voice sentences). 《语言教学与研究》, 第4期.Google Scholar
曹秀玲 Cao Xiuling
(1997) V前受事结构的功能及其表现形式 (Pre-V patient structures: the functions and forms of expression). 《语言教学与研究》, 第2期.Google Scholar
陈昌来 Chen Changlai
(2000) 论汉语句子语义结构中的受事 (On patient in the semantic structure of sentences in Chinese). 《吉安师专学报》, 第1期.Google Scholar
(2001) 工具主语和工具宾语异议 (Instrumental subject and instrumental object). 《世界汉语教学》, 2001(年第 1 期).Google Scholar
(2003) 带受事成分的不及物动动词的考察 (An investiagation of intransitive verbs taking patients). 《语言教学研究》, 第3期.Google Scholar
陈建民 Chen Jianmin
(1986) 《现代汉语句型论》 (Sentence Types in Modern Chinese). 语文出版社.Google Scholar
陈望道 Chen Wangdao
(1978) 《文法简论》 (Grammatical sketches). 上海教育出版社。Google Scholar
储泽祥 Chu Zexiang
(2004) 赣语岳西话的过程体与定格体 (Proecss aspect and case aspect in Yuexi dialect of the Gan dialect group). 《方言》, 第2期, 139–147.Google Scholar
戴耀晶 Dai Yaojing
(1991) 现代汉语表持续体的"着"的语义分析 (A semantic analysis of the ‘holding aspect marker’ zhe in Modern Chinese). 《语言教学与研究》, 第2期.Google Scholar
邓思颖 Deng Siying
(2000) 粤语被动句施事者的省略和“原则与参数语法” (On the ellipsis of the agent in passive constructions and ‘Principle and Parameters Grammar’). 《中文学刊》, 第二期.Google Scholar
(2003) 《汉语方言语法的参数理论》 (Parameter Theory and Chinese Dialect Grammar). 北京大学出版社.Google Scholar
(2004) 作格化和汉语被动句 (Ergativization and Chinese passives). 《中國語文》, (Zhongguo Yuwen), 301(4), 291–301.Google Scholar
刁晏斌 Diao Yanbin
(1999) 论近代汉语受事主语句 (On patient-subject constructions in Pre-Modern Chinese). 《辽宁师范大学学报》, 第5期.Google Scholar
丁声树 Ding Shengshu
(1961) 《现代汉语语法讲话》 (Lectures on Modern Chinese Grammar). 商务印书馆.Google Scholar
董莲池 Dong Lianzhi
(1998) 甲骨文中的于字式被动式的探索 (An exploration of yu-passsives in Shang bone-inscriptions). 《古籍整理研究学刊》, 第4、5合刊.Google Scholar
范剑华 Fan Jianhua
(1990) 论现代汉语被动式 (On passives in Chinese). 《华东师范大学学报》, 第1期.Google Scholar
方光焘 Fang Guangtao
(1961/1997) 关于古汉语被动句的基本形式的几个疑问 (Questions on the basic form of the passive in Archaic Chinese). 原载《中国语文》, 10、11月18–25页,又收录于《方光焘语言学论文集》56–73页,商务印书馆1997.Google Scholar
方梅 Fang Mei
(2000) 从“V着”看汉语不完全体的功能特征 (On the functional properties of the ‘incomplete aspect’: The case of ‘V-zhe). 《语法研究和探索》(九),商务印书馆.Google Scholar
方有国 Fang Youguo
(1992) 古汉语“为”字被动句结构考辨 (The ‘wei’-passive in Archaic Chinese: An investigation of its structure). 《重庆师院学报哲社版》, 第3期.Google Scholar
傅雨贤 Fu Yuxian
(1986) 被动句式与主动句式的变换问题 (On the question of transformational relationship between active and passive constructions in Chinese). 《汉语学习》, 第2期.Google Scholar
龚千炎 Gong Qianyan
(1980) 现代汉语里的受事主语句 (Patient-subject constructions in Mofern Chinese). 《中国语文》, 第5期.Google Scholar
管燮初 Guan Xiechu
(1953) 《殷墟甲骨刻辞的语法研究》 (Grammatical studies of Shang bone inscriptions). 中国科学院出版社.Google Scholar
(1994) 《左传句法研究》 (Syntactic Study of Zuozhuan). 安徽教育出版社.Google Scholar
管燮初 Guan Xiexhu
(1981) 《西周金文语法研究》 (Grammatical Studies of Bronze Inscriptions in Western Zhou Dynasty). 商务印书馆.Google Scholar
郭继懋 Guo Jimao
(2000) 《汉语句法论集》 (Essays on Chinese Syntax). 天津人民出版社.Google Scholar
郭锡良 Guo Xiliang
(1998) 介词“于”的起源和发展 (On the origin and development of the preposition yu in Ancient Chinese. 《古汉语语法论集》, 第二届国际古汉语研讨会论文选编 语文出版社.Google Scholar
何洪峰 He Hongfeng
(2004) 试论汉语被动标记产生的语法动因 (On the motivation of the rise of passive particles in Chinese). 《语言研究》, 第4期.Google Scholar
何乐士 He Leshi
(2000) 《古汉语语法研究论文集》 (Studies of Ancient Chinese Grammar). 商务印书馆.Google Scholar
洪诚 Hong Cheng
(1958) 论古汉语的被动式 (Passive structures in Archaic Chinese). 《南京大学学报》, 第1期.Google Scholar
黄伯荣主编 Huang Borong
(Ed.) (1996) 《汉语方言语法类编》 (Chinese Dialect Grammar: A Compendium). 青岛出版社.Google Scholar
黄伯荣 Huang Borong & 廖序东 Liao Xudong
(1991) 《现代汉语》 (Modern Chinese). 高等教育出版社.Google Scholar
蒋绍愚 Jiang Shaoyu
(2001) 内动、外动和使动 (Internal-driven action, external-driven action, and caused action), 《语言学论丛》第二十三辑, 商务印书馆.Google Scholar
(2002) 受事主语句的发展与使役句到被动句的演变 (On the historical development of patient-subject constructions and the shift from causatives to passives in Chinese). (提纲) 北京大学暑期讲习班.
黎锦熙 Li Jinxi
(1985) 《比较文法》 (Comparative Grammar) 北平著者书店第1版1933,科学出版社校订重版 1985.Google Scholar
(1924) 《新著国语教学法》 (A New Primer for the National Language). 商务印书馆.Google Scholar
李临定 Li Linding
(1980) “被”字句 (On the BEI-construction). 《中国语文》, 第6期.Google Scholar
(1986) 《现代汉语句型》 (Sentence Types in Modern Chinese) . 商务出版社.Google Scholar
(1986) 受事成分句类型比较 (Constructions involving patients: A comparative study). 《中国语文》, 年第5期.Google Scholar
李人鉴 Li Renjian
(1980) 关于“被”字句 (On the BEI-construction). 《扬州师院学报》, 第2期.Google Scholar
李珊 Li San
(1994) 《现代汉语被字句研究》 (Studies of the BEI construction in Modern Chinese). 北京大学出出版社.Google Scholar
李英哲 Li Yingzhe
(1997) 汉语历时句法中的竟争演变和语言折衷 (Competitive evolution and linguistic compromises in the diachronic grammar of Chinese). 《湖北大学学报》 (哲社版), 第5期.Google Scholar
梁东汉 Liang Donghan
(1960) 现代汉语的被动式 (Passives in Modern Chinese). 《内蒙古大学学报》, 第6期.Google Scholar
林杏光 Lin Xingguang
(1994) 《现代汉语动词大词典》 (Dictionary of Verbs in Modern Chinese). 北京语言学院出版社.Google Scholar
刘丹青 Liu Danqing
(2004) 先秦汉语语序特点的类型学观照 (On word order characteristics of Ancient Chinese from a typological perspective). 《语言研究》, 第3期.Google Scholar
刘瑞明 Liu Ruiming
(1994) 从泛义动词讨论“见”字本不表示被动 (‘Jian’did not originally indicate passiveness: A view from generalised verbs). 《湖北大学学报》 (哲社版), 第5期.Google Scholar
刘叔新 Liu Shuxin
(1987) 现代汉语被动句的范围和类别问题 (On the issues of scope and categorization of passives in Modern Chinese). 《句型和动词》, 语文出版社.Google Scholar
刘月华 Liu Yuehua
(1983) 《实用现代汉语语法》 (A Practical Grammar of Modern Chinese). 外语教学与研究出版社.Google Scholar
(1998) 《趋向补语通释》 (An explanation of directional complements in Chinese). 北京语言文化大学出版社.Google Scholar
刘丹青 Liu Danqing & 徐烈炯 Xu Liejiong
(1998) 焦点与背景、话题及汉语“连”字句 (Focus, topic and ‘lian’-construction in Chinese) 《中国语文》, 1998 (4), 243–252.Google Scholar
陆俭明 Lu Jianming
(1986) 周遍性主语句及其他 (Generalized subjects and related phenomena). 《中国语文》, 第3期.Google Scholar
(1991) 现代汉语不及物动词之管见 (My view on intransitive verbs in Modern Chinese). 《语法研究与探索》(五) 语文出版社.Google Scholar
吕叔湘 Lu Shuxiang
(1942) 《中国文法要略》 (A brief Grammar of Chinese). 商务印书馆.Google Scholar
(1946) 从主语、宾语的分别谈国语句子的分析 (Sentence analysis in Chinese: The case of subject and object). 《吕叔湘文集》,商务印书馆.Google Scholar
(1979) 《汉语语法分析问题》 (Problems in the grammatical Analysis of Chinese). 商务印书馆.Google Scholar
(1980) 《现代汉语八百词》 (800 words in Modern Chinese). 增订版, 商务印书馆.Google Scholar
(1987) 说“胜”和“败” (On ‘win’ and ‘lose’). 《中国语文》, 第1期.Google Scholar
吕文华 Lu Wenhua
(1990) “被”字句中的几个语义关系 (Semantic relation in the bei-construction). 《世界汉语教学》, 第2期.Google Scholar
(1987) “被”字句和无标志被动句的变换关系 (On the transformational relationship between the BEI construction and passives without BEI). 《句型和动词》 语文出版社.Google Scholar
吕叔湘 Lu Shuxiang & 朱德熙 Zhu Dexi
(1952) 《语法修辞讲话》 (Lectures on Grammar and Rhetoric). 中国青年出版社.Google Scholar
马建忠 Ma Jianzhong
(1898) 《马氏文通》 (Ma’s Grammar). 上海商务印书馆.Google Scholar
梅祖麟 Mei Zulin
(2000) 从汉代的“动、杀”、“动、死”来看动补结构结构的发展----兼论中古时期起词的施受关系的中立化 (On ‘V-sha’ and ‘V-si’ and the historical development of V-comp, together with a discussion of the neutralization of the agentive/patientive nature of subject/topic in Medieval Chinese). 《梅祖麟语言学论文集》, 商务印书馆.
桥本万太郎 Hashimoto Mantaro
(1987) 汉语被动式的历史区域发展 (On the areal development of passive constructions in Chinese). 《中国语文》, 第1期.Google Scholar
沈家煊 Shen Jiaxuan
(2000) 语法中的“标记颠倒”现象 (On transposition of markers in Chinese grammar). 《语法研究与探索(十)》. 商务印书馆.Google Scholar
沈培
(1993) 宾语的位置,《殷墟甲骨辞语序研究》. 台北: 天津出版社.Google Scholar
沈阳 Shen Yang
(2001) 名词短语分裂移位与非直接论元句首成分 (NP Splitting and Movement and Non-direct-arguments in sentence-initial position). 《语言研究》, 第3期.Google Scholar
石定栩 Shi Dingxu
(1999) 主题句研究 (A study of topic sentences). 《共性与个性-汉语语言学中的争议》, 徐烈炯1999. 北京语言文化大学出版社.Google Scholar
(2005a) “被”字句的归属 (The categorization of the BEI construction). 《汉语学报》, 第1期.Google Scholar
(2005b) 语用、语义与句法互动的适用范围—从小句中的有标记结构说起 (On the scope of interaction between Syntax, Semantics and Pragmatics, using structures with markers in clauses). 《汉语语法研究的新拓展》. 邵敬敏、陆镜光主编. 浙江教育出版社.Google Scholar
石毓智 Shi Yuzhi
(2000) 汉语的有标记和无标记语法结构 (Marked and unmarked grammatical structures in Chinese). 《语法研究与探索(十)》. 商务印书馆.Google Scholar
(2001) 汉语的主语与话题之辨 (The debate on subject and topic in Chinese). 《语言研究》, 第2期.Google Scholar
(2004) 《汉语研究的类型学视野》 (A typological perspective on Chinese linguistics). 江西教育出版社.Google Scholar
(2005) 被动式标记语法化的认识基础 (On the epistemic basis of the grammaticalization of passive markers in Chinese). 《民族语文》, 第3期.Google Scholar
徐杰石毓智 Xu Jie Shi Yuzhi
(2001) 汉语史上疑问句形成的类型学转变及其机制----焦点标记“是”的产生及其影响 (On the mechanism of typological transformation in the formation of interrogatives in the history of Chinese Grammar:the case of the birth of the focus marker ‘shi’and its impact). 《中国语文》, 第5期.Google Scholar
史国东 Shi Guodong
(2000) 近代汉语被字句结构的特点 (On the structural peroperties of passive constructions in Pre-Modern Chinese). 《安徽师范大学学报》, 第2期.Google Scholar
宋采娃 Song Caiwa
(1958) 关于确定汉语动词主语的标准 (On the criteria for determining subjecthood in Chinese). 《语言学论丛》, 第2辑 新知识出版社.Google Scholar
宋玉柱 Song Yuzhu
(1991) 《现代汉语特殊句式》 (Special Constructions in Modern Chinese). 山西教育出版社.Google Scholar
孙良明 Sun Liangming
(1994) 被动句式的变化 (On the historical changes of passive constructions). 《古代汉语语法变化研究》, 语文出版社.
陶红印 Tao Hongyin
(2007) 操作语体中动词论元结构的实现及语用原则 (On the realization of argument structures and the pragmatic principle in instructional genres). 《中国语文》, 第1期.Google Scholar
唐钰明、 Tang Yuming & 周锡复 Zhou Xifu
(1985) 论先秦汉语被动式的发展 (On the development of passive constructions in Ancient Chinese). 《中国语文》, 第4期.Google Scholar
王还 Wang Huan
(1994) 英语和汉语的被动句 (Passives in Chinese and English). 《门外偶得集》. 北京语言学院出版社.Google Scholar
王力 Wang Li
(1943) 《中国现代语法》 (Modern Chinese Grammar). 商务印书馆.Google Scholar
(1954) 《中国现代语法》 (Modern Chinese grammar). 北京: 中华书局。Google Scholar
(1980) 《汉语史稿》 (Studies of the History of the Chinese Language) 中册, 中华书局。修订版.Google Scholar
(2002) 《王力选集》 (Selected Essays of Wang Li). 季羡林主编 郭锡良编, 东北师范大学出版社.Google Scholar
王还 Wang Huan
(1994) 英语与汉语的被动句 (Passives in English and Chinese). In Wang Huan (Eds.),《门外偶得集》. 北京: 北京语言学院出版社.Google Scholar
魏德胜 Wei Desheng
(2000) 《睡虎地秦墓竹简语法研究》 (Grammatical Studies of Bamboo Scripts from the Qin Tombs in Shuihudi). 首都师大出版社, (Zhongguo Yuwen), 2000( 年6月版). Google Scholar
肖奚强 Xiao Xiqiang
(2002) “正(在)”、“在”与“着”功能比较研究 (A comparison of ‘zheng(zai), ‘zai’ and ‘zhe’). 《语言研究》, 第4期.Google Scholar
徐杰 Xu Jie
(1999) 两种保留宾语句式及相关句法理论问题 (Two kinds of resumptive objectis and related theoretical problems in syntax). 《当代语言学》, 第1期.Google Scholar
(2003) 被动句与非宾格句式的一致与差异 (On the similarities and differences between passives and non-patient structures). “汉语被动表述问题国际学术会议 (2003, 武汉).
徐烈炯 & 刘丹青 Xu, Liejiong & Liu Danqing
(1998) 《话题的结构与功能》 (Topic: Structure and Function). 上海教育出版社。Google Scholar
徐通锵 Xu Tongqiang
(2004) 自动和使动 (Initiation and Causation). 《汉语研究方法论初探》, 商务印书馆.Google Scholar
(1997) 《语言论---语义型语言的结构原理和研究方法》  (Theory of Language: On the Organization Principles and Method of Investigation of Semantics-based Languages). 东北师范大学出版社.Google Scholar
杨伯峻 何乐士 Yang Bojun & He Leshi
(2001) 《古汉语语法及其发展》 (Grammar and Development of Ancient Chinese). 语文出版社.Google Scholar
姚振武 Yao Zhenwu
(1998) 《“为”字的性质与“为”字式》 (On the nature of ‘wei’ and ‘wei’-constructions). In 郭錫良 (Ed.),《古代汉语语法论集》, 536–555。北京: 语文出版社.Google Scholar
(1999) 先秦汉语受事主语句系统 (Patient-subject constructions in Ancient Chinese). 《中国语文》, 第1期.Google Scholar
易孟醇 Yi Mengchun
(1989) 《先秦语法》 (A grammar of Ancient Chinese). 湖南教育出版社.Google Scholar
袁毓林 Yuan Yilin
(1990) 汉语被动句与其基础句关系的宏观分析 (The passive construction and its relationship with its underlying structure). 《山东师大学报》, 第1期.Google Scholar
袁毓林 Yuan Yulin
(1996) 话题化及相关的语法过程 (Topicalization and related grammatical processes). 《中国语文》, 第4期.Google Scholar
(1998) 《汉语动词配价研究》 (A Study of Valency in Chinese Verbs), 江西教育出版社。Google Scholar
(2003) 从焦点理论看句尾“的”的句法语义功能 (On sentence-final ‘de’ and its syntactic and semantic properties from the perspective of focus theory). 《中国语文》, 第4期.Google Scholar
张赪 Zhang Chen
(2005) 唐宋时期指人受事主语句的演变 (On the historical development of patient-subject constructions with reference to agents). 《汉语学报》, 第1期.Google Scholar
张涤华 Zhang Dihua
(1988) 《语法修辞词典》 (Dictionary of Grammar and Rhetoric). 安徽教育出版社.Google Scholar
张美兰 Zhang Meilan
(2003) 《祖堂集语法研究》 (Gramamtical Studies of ‘Zutangji’). 商务印书馆.Google Scholar
詹人凤 Zhan Renfeng
(1992) 《受事主语句〈名一动式)的识别》 (On the recognition of patient-subject constructions (N-V)). 《语法研究和探索》第6 集. Google Scholar
张玉金 Zhang Yujin
(2001) 《甲骨文语法学》 (Grammar of Bone Inscriptions). 学术出版社.Google Scholar
张云秋 Zhang Yunqiu
(2004) 《现代汉语受事宾语句研究》 (A Study of Patient-Object Constructions in Modern Chinese), 学林出版社。Google Scholar
周宝宽 Zhou Baokuan
(1995) 现代汉语受事主语句研究(上) (A study of patient-subject constructions in Modern Chinese). 《辽宁大学学报》, 第6期.Google Scholar
赵丕杰 Zhao Pijie
(1991) 论“可”并非但表被动更非表被动的助动词 (‘Ke’ is not used to express passive or a passive particle). 《天津师大学报》, 第3期.Google Scholar
朱德熙 Zhu Dexi
(1952)《语法修辞讲话》(Talks on Grammar and Rhetoric), 北京:开明书店。Google Scholar
(1982) 《语法讲义》 (Lectures on Grammar). 商务印书馆.Google Scholar
(1984)《关于向心结构的定义》(On the definition of endocentric constructions) 《中国语文》第六期。Google Scholar
(1985) 《语法答问》 (Questions and Answers in Grammar). 商务印书馆.Google Scholar
Cited by

Cited by 1 other publications

Su, Danjie
2021. Factuality lens. Chinese Language and Discourse. An International and Interdisciplinary Journal Crossref logo

This list is based on CrossRef data as of 15 june 2021. Please note that it may not be complete. Sources presented here have been supplied by the respective publishers. Any errors therein should be reported to them.

Subjects
BIC Subject: CF/2GDCM – Linguistics/Mandarin
BISAC Subject: LAN009000 – LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General
U.S. Library of Congress Control Number:  2019012344 | Marc record