Marking definiteness in an articleless language
The role of the domain restrictor KU in Korean
The main purpose of this paper is to identify the novel type of Korean definiteness marker. Especially I show that Korean KU which originated from the morphological demonstrative ‘that’, instantiates a solid pattern of distribution of definiteness marker. Mainly focusing on the semantico-pragmatic role of KU, the proposal comprises three main parts: (i) Given that Korean employs distinct devices teased apart into uniqueness (i.e. referential use) and familiarity (i.e. anaphoric use) in its definiteness system, I show that the effect of referential use in argument saturating function is achieved by the covert “determiner” in bare nouns, whereas anaphoric use in argument non-saturating function is achieved by the overt KU; (ii) The semantic contribution of KU is analyzed as a domain restrictor (DDR; Etxeberria & Giannakidou 2010) which supplies an indexical property as an argument (Schwarz 2009, 2013; Jenks 2018); (iii) I further show that the DDR operator is present in the syntax, falling out from the standard D position as an adjunctive modifier in a lower DP layer. The contribution of my work is that the proposed account allows us to widen our view of cross-linguistic variation to cases where the prerequisite of definiteness is based on the dissociation of meaning (i.e. the semantic role of D as encoding familiarity) and form (i.e. the syntactic role of D as an argument-building function).
Keywords: Korean KU, definiteness, demonstratives, domain restriction, DP structure
Published online: 17 March 2021
[ p. 332 ]References
Abney, Steven Paul
Barwise, Jon & Cooper, Robin
Chang, Soo Jung
Cheng, Lisa Lai-Shen
Etxeberria, Urtzi & Giannakidou, Anastasia
Etxeberria, Urtzi. & Giannakidou, Anastasia[ p. 333 ]
Giannakidou, Anastasia & Cheng, Lisa Lai-Shen
Gundel, Jeanette K.
Hawkins, John A.
Ionin, Tania & Baek, Soondo & Kim, Eunah & Ko, Heejeong & Ken, Wexler
2011 That’s the meaning: Interpretation of definite and demonstrative descriptions in L2-English. In Pirvulescu, Mihaela & Cuervo, María Cristina & Pérez-Leroux, Ana Teresa & Steele, Jeffrey & Strik, Nelleke (eds.), Selected Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Generative Approaches to Language Acquisition North America (GALANA 2010), 122–138. Somerville: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
Ionin, Tania & Baek, Soondo & Kim, Eunah & Ko, Heejeong & Kenneth Wexler
[ p. 334 ]
2016 Cognitive indexical usage of demonstrative ku in Korean and a split DP analysis. In Kim, Tae Sik & Ha, Seungwan (eds.), Proceedings of the 18th Seoul International Conference on Generative Grammar (SICOGG 18), Beyond core syntax: A minimalist approach, 175–194. Seoul: The Korean Generative Grammar Circle.
Kim, Min-Joo & Kaufmann, Stefan
1989 (In)Definites, case markers, classifiers and quantifiers in Korean. In Kuno, Susumu & Kim, Young-joo & Whitman, John & Kang, Young-Se & Lee, Ik-Hwan & Bak, Sung-Yun (eds.), Harvard Studies in Korean Linguistics III: Proceedings of the 1989 Workshop on Korean Linguistics (Harvard WOKL-1989), 469–488. Cambridge: Department of Linguistics, Harvard University.
Lee, Chungmin & Chung, Daeho & Nam, Seungho
Longobardi, Giuseppe[ p. 335 ]
Martí Martínez, María Luisa
2019 Complex demonstratives, hidden arguments, and presupposition. Synthese (2019) (https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11229-019-02250-5) (Accessed 2020-10-22.)
Oshima, David Y. & McCready, Eric
Prince, Ellen F.
Forthcoming. Korean. 1st edn. London: Routledge. (First published in 1994.)
Stalnaker, Robert C.
Stanley, Jason & Szabó, Zoltán Gendler[ p. 336 ]
Von Fintel, Kai