Article published in:Variation in the Pacific: Part I
Edited by Eri Kashima and Miriam Meyerhoff
[Asia-Pacific Language Variation 6:2] 2020
► pp. 250–277
Word-initial [h]-drop variation in Nmbo
Change-in-progress in an egalitarian multilingual speech community of Papua New Guinea
This paper presents a natural speech corpus-based study of word-initial [h]-drop from the Nmbo speech community of southern Papua New Guinea. It is a speech community within a traditional egalitarian multilingual language ecology sustained by a practice of virilocal exogamy, and there is strong intergenerational transmission of local vernacular languages. This study investigates the propensity of word-initial [h]-drop in nouns, based on Nmbo speech data of Kerake tribe people. The results from the Nmbo Sociolinguistic Corpus shows clear age-conditioned variation, with younger speakers showing a higher propensity for [h]-drop. Nmbo speakers residing both within and outside their Nmbo villages of origin appear to be partaking in the innovative [h]-drop. The origin of the [h]-drop appears to be from the village with a more multilingual profile, as would be predicted by the notion of a multilingual feature pool (Cheshire, Kerswill, Fox, & Torgersen, 2011, Mufwene 2001).
Keywords: Papua New Guinea, Pacific, exogamy, deletion, lenition, phonological variation, network analysis, egalitarian multilingualism, apparent time construct
Published online: 18 December 2020
(2018) Style and language maintenance. Paper presented at Sociolinguistic Symposium 22, Long Colloquium: Fresh insights on traditional variationist methods in non-English contexts , Auckland, New Zealand, June 28, 2018.
Ayres, Mary C.
Baclawski, Kenneth Jr.
Bates, Douglas, Mächler, Martin, Bolker, Ben, & Walker, Steve
Bell, Allan, & Holmes, Janet
Blythe, Richard A., & Croft, William[ p. 272 ]
Boersma, Paul, & Weenink, David
Campbell, Lyle, & Grondona, Verónica
Cheshire, Jenny, Kerswill, Paul, Fox, Sue, & Torgersen, Eivind
Childs, Tucker, Good, Jeff, & Mitchell, Alice
Cukor-Avila, Patricia, & Bailey, Guy
De Vries, Lourens
Dorian, Nancy C.
Drager, Katie, & Hay, Jennifer
Du Bois, John W., Schuetze-Coburn, Stephan, Cumming, Susanna, & Paolino, Danae
[ p. 273 ]
Evans, Nicholas, Arka, Wayan I., Carroll, Matthew J., Choi, Yun Jung, Döhler, Christian, Gast, Volker, Kashima, Eri, Mittag, Emile, Olsson, Bruno, Quinn, Kyla, Schokkin, Dineke, Tama, Phillip, van Tongeren, Charlotte, & Siegel, Jeff
Evans, Nicholas, Carroll, Matthew J., & Döhler, Christian
Haudricourt, André G.
Hildebrandt, Kristine A., Jany, Carmen, & Silva, Wilson
in press). The phonetics of Nmbo (Nɐmbo) with some comments on its phonology (Yam Family; Morehead District). Language Documentation and Conservation Special Publication.
Kashima, Eri, Williams, Daniel, Ellison, T. Mark, Schokkin, Dineke, & Escudero, Paola
Lüpke, Friederike[ p. 274 ]
Mansfield, John B.
Meyerhoff, Miriam, & Walker, James A.
Mufwene, Salikoko S.
Nordberg, Bengt, & Sundgren, Eva
Pope, Jennifer, Meyerhoff, Miriam, & Ladd, Robert
(2017) R: A language and environment for statistical computing . R foundation for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria. Retrieved from https://www.r-project.org/
Rueck, Michael J.
Salisbury, Richard F.
Sankoff, Gillian[ p. 275 ]
Stanford, James N.
Stanford, James N., & Yanhong Pan
Thije, Jan D. ten, & Zeevaert, Ludgar
Torres Cacoullos, Rena, & Travis, Catherine E.
Tucker, Sara, Boevé, Marco, Fuller, Elizabeth, Gustafsson, Catharina, & Rueck, Michael
Vaughan, Jill, & Singer, Ruth