A historical investigation into Persian prefixal verbs based on Siyâsat-nâmeh and a contemporary corpus
Siyâsat-nâmeh ‘letter of politics’ as a famous Persian book carries verbal forms which seem different from those found in contemporary corpora. In this paper, we focus on a comparison between prefixal verbs in Siyâsat-nâmeh and those in contemporary corpora. Our corpus is taken randomly from political section of a popular contemporary Iranian newspaper called Hamshahri. Since Siyâsat-nâmeh contains almost 100000 words, we take the same number of words from Hamshahri. We focus on verbs containing one of the five frequent prefixes. First, we extracted verbs carrying such prefixes from both sources under study, and then classified them in terms of types and tokens in AntConc (computer software). Afterward, we compared and contrasted verbs of the two sources. A number of verbal prefixes became completely obsolete; a number of them changed into prefixal nouns/adjectives to be used as non-verbal elements of new verbs.
Keywords: prefixal verbs, contemporary Persian, verb types, corpus data
Published online: 11 December 2020
AleAhmad, A., Amiri, H., Darrudi, E., Rahgozar, M., & Oroumchian, F.[ p. 250 ]
Mansuri, Y. and M. Mehrjuee
Najjarian, M. and A. Heidari
Rezayati Kishe-khaleh, M. and M. Dayyan