Article published in:Linguistic Recycling: The process of quoting in increasingly mediatized settings
Edited by Lauri Haapanen and Daniel Perrin
[AILA Review 33] 2020
► pp. 136–156
Quoting to persuade
A critical linguistic analysis of quoting in US, UK, and Australian newspaper opinion texts
This paper examines how quotations are linguistically constructed by expert contributors in US, UK, and Australian opinion texts, vis-à-vis their form, function, and processes. Cope’s (2016) study found that authoritative expert contributors integrated a considerable number of quotations on blame and responsibility for the global financial crisis in single-authored US, UK, and Australian opinion texts. By examining the form, function, and processes of quoting in this paper, she found evidence that quoting is an intertextual form of positioning. Empirically grounded linguistic analyses investigate the language of quoting frames – how the quoted source is specified, the quoting verb used, e.g., strong meanings (demanded, thundered, promised) or neutral (said, told) – and evaluate the language of propositional content in quotations. Such analyses reveal authorial positions taken in quoting. A greater number of quotations incorporated by general newspaper opinion authors, than by specialized financial newspaper opinion authors, furthermore implies that quoting increases a writer’s authority in non-specialized media sources. The specially created integrated linguistic framework draws on Martin & White’s (2005) Appraisal system from systemic-functional linguistics, White’s (2012, 2015) attribution and endorsement, and Bazerman’s (2004) intertextuality techniques. Contextual factors in language use and quoting are evaluated throughout. This paper thus provides evidence of, and implications for, quoting in cross-cultural opinion texts, and contributes to knowledge on the increasingly mediatized practice of language recycling and to media literacy.
Keywords: quotation, expert contributors, financial crisis, opinion texts, linguistic analyses, communication strategies, evaluative language
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Published online: 07 October 2020
Coates, L., & Wade, A.
(2010) Writing and submitting an opinion piece: A guide. Retrieved from www.earth.columbia.edu/sitefiles/file/pressroom/media.../OpEdGuide.doc
(2016) Blame, responsibility and positioning in the Global Financial Crisis: A critical analysis of US, UK and Australian newspaper opinion texts (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). The University of Sydney, Australia. http://hdl.handle.net/2123/15719
forthcoming). Assigning blame or taking responsibility: Communication strategies to resist and move beyond a crisis. Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
Fairclough, N., & Wodak, R.
Feez, S., Iedema, R., & White, P.
(2017) Quoting practices in written journalism. Article-based doctoral dissertation, University of Helsinki. https://helda.helsinki.fi/handle/10138/174618
Haapanen, L., & Perrin, D.
Hart, P., & Tindall, K.
Martin, J. R., & White, P. R. R.
Maynard, S. K.
Maynard, S. K.
Page, B. I.
Sneijder, P., & Te Molder, H. F. M.
White, P. R. R.
(2015) 4. Intertextual positioning. Retrieved from http://www.grammatics.com/appraisal/appraisalguide/framed/frame.htm> (13 May 2020).
Sample A.Opinion authors and newspaper references
US financial texts
WSJ1 O’Driscoll Jr., G. P. (2008, November 17). To prevent bubbles, restrain the Fed. The Wall Street Journal, p. A19. Retrieved from http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB122688652214032407
WSJ2 Shelton, J. (2008, September 30). Loose money and the roots of the crisis. The Wall Street Journal, p. A19. Retrieved from http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB122273029076687929
US general texts
NYT1 Ehrenreich, B. (2008, September 23[online], September 24 [print]). The power of negative thinking. The New York Times, p. A27. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/24/opinion/24ehrenreich.html?_r=0
NYT2 Krugman, P. (2008, November 27 [online], November 28 [print]). Lest we forget. The New York Times, p. A43. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/28/opinion/28/krugman.html
UK financial texts
FT1 Augar, P. (2008, September 28 [online], September 29 [print]). The Big Bang model that blew up in our faces. Financial Times, p. 17. Retrieved from http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/247923f8-8d8e-11dd-83d5-0000779fd18c.html#axzz40CSkwc5o
FT2 Davies, H. (2008, September 30 [online], October 1 [print]). New banking rules: tread carefully. Financial Times, p. 17. Retrieved from http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/87ed9bda-8f0a-11dd-946c-0000779fd18c.html#axzz40CSkwc5o
UK general texts
Australian financial texts
Australian general texts
SMH1 Devine, M. (2008) Cash-machine Kev to the rescue. The Sydney Morning Herald, p. 17. Retrieved from http://www.smh.com.au/news/opinion/cashmachine-kev-to-the-rescue/2008/12/10/1228584922978.html
SMH2 Henderson, G. (2008) Do-gooders helped make the mess. The Sydney Morning Herald, p. 13. Retrieved from http://www.smh.com.au/news/opinion/gerard-henderson/gerard-henderson/2008/10/06/1223145255826.html?page=2